The European Union is taking Ireland to court over its refusal to collect €13 billion ($15.3 billion) in unpaid taxes from Apple.
The European Commission — Europe’s top anti-trust authority — ruled in 2016 that the Irish government had granted illegal aid to Apple by helping the iPhone maker keep its tax bill artificially low for more than 20 years.
Referring the case to the European Court of Justice is an escalation that was expected.
“More than one year after the Commission adopted this decision, Ireland has still not recovered the money,” EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager said on Wednesday.
Ireland’s finance ministry said Wednesday that while it has “never accepted the Commission’s analysis” in the Apple case, it was working to recover the taxes.
“Irish officials and experts have been engaged in intensive work to ensure that the state complies with all its recovery obligations as soon as possible,” it said in a statement.
Apple did not immediately respond to a request for comment.